Chinese and English are the official languages in Hong Kong while many business people communicate in English. Cantonese is the predominant Chinese dialect in Hong Kong, though there is an increasing use of Mandarin (Putonghua).
The currency unit is Hong Kong dollar (HK$) which is currently pegged to the U.S. dollar at HK$7.8 to US$1. Notes are issued in denominations of HK$1,000, HK$500, HK$100, HK$50, HK$20 and HK$10, and coins are issued by the government. Currency can be changed at banks or money-changers, There are no restrictions on currencies brought into or taken out of Hong Kong.
Safety and Security
Hong Kong is generally considered a very safe city both at night and during the day. As everywhere, however, protect yourself from pickpockets and carry as little cash as possible; traveller’s cheques and credit cards are widely accepted.
Due to differences in legislations of countries, some items considered legal in other countries may breach the laws of Hong Kong.
Please click here for advice to visitors from Hong Kong Police Force.
Hong Kong tap water conforms to the World Health Organisation’s recommended guidelines for drinking-water quality. Bottled water is recommended rather than non-boiled tap water, and is widely available for purchase in Hong Kong.
The standard electrical voltage in Hong Kong is 220 volts AC, 50Hz. The majority of electrical outlets in Hong Kong take a three-pronged UK-style plug. Adapters can be borrowed from Service Desk (deposit required).
Hong Kong enjoys the sub-tropical climate with year-round sunshine, hot summer and a mild winter. Heavy rain and typhoon usually occur in summer between May and September. There are various degrees of typhoon warning signals issued by the Hong Kong Observatory and when Signal no. 8 is hoisted, most businesses and shops may not provide service and flights may be cancelled or delayed. There is a separate warning system for rainstorm. Winter is pleasantly cool and temperature ranging from 15ﾟC to 20ﾟC with occasional cold fronts.
There are plenty of ways to get around Hong Kong, whether it’s by taxi, ferry, Mass Transit Railway (MTR), bus or tram. The most convenient payment method for public transport is in the form of Octopus Card.
Most hotels and restaurants add 10% service charge. Additional tipping is on voluntary basis. You may add 5%-10% more on the bill in restaurants and bars, and HK$10-HK$20 to service staff if the service is good.
Hong Kong is 8 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time.
|Name of Holidays||Date|
|The day following the first day of January||2-Jan|
|Lunar New Year’s Day||28-Jan|
|The third day of Lunar New Year||30-Jan|
|The fourth day of Lunar New Year||31-Jan|
|Ching Ming Festival||4-Apr|
|The day following Good Friday||15-Apr|
|The Birthday of the Buddha||3-May|
|Tuen Ng Festival||30-May|
|Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Establishment Day||1-Jul|
|The day following National Day||2-Oct|
|The day following the Chinese Mid-Autumn Festival||5-Oct|
|Chung Yeung Festival||28-Oct|
|The first weekday after Christmas Day||26-Dec|
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